Wednesday, December 14, 2011

Your Dry Suit Questions Answered

Ever wonder how to properly maintain your Dry Suit? Or what the difference is for a Metal Zipper v. a T-zipper? Do you know the proper way put a dry suit on?

In the following videos, APS President Kyle Gross gets in front of the camera and goes through the features, fit, and care of a Dry Suit in 3 videos that aim to answer all the questions you may have about Dry Suits. After all, if you’re going to invest in a Dry Suit, you’ll want to know everything there is to know so you get the longest life and maximum wear out it.

Part I – What is a Dry Suit? Features of a Quality Dry Suit.

A Dry Suit is a one piece suit that keeps you completely dry. You enter into, close up, and everything except your head and hands will stay completely dry – even if you decide to go swimming. To be clear, a dry suit is a shell - it's not a warm piece. You will have to wear layers underneath depending on the conditions outside. Also, you should wear protective boots (specifically, dinghy boots) over your dry suit to protect the dry suits's waterproof socks.

In general, dry suits are made of waterproof breathable materials that will allow moisture to escape while you wear them so you can be comfortable and not clammy. Men's suits are front entry. A zipper runs diagonally across the body so the wearer can put the suit on and take it off without help. The suits have neck and wrist seals to keep the water out and socks/boots to protect your feet.

APS Stocks 4 Dry Suits –

Gore-Tex Front Entry Dry Suit by Kokatat
Front-Zip Breathable Dry Suit by Gill
TP1 Pace Dry Suit by Henri Lloyd
MPX Gore-Tex Dry Suit by Musto

Here's the Breakdown:

Dry Suit Fabric Zipper Neck & Wrist Seals Socks
Gore-Tex Front Entry Dry Suit by Kokatat Gore-Tex Metal Optiseal Latex (Neoprene over top to protect) Gore-Tex
Front-Zip Breathable Dry Suit by Gill 5-Dot, 3-Layer Fabric Metal Dynat Neoprene Latex
TP1 Pace Dry Suit by Henri Lloyd TP1 Fabric T-Zip Neoprene Latex
MPX Gore-Tex Dry Suit by Musto Gore-Tex Metal Dynat Latex (Fabric tabs over top to protect) Latex

*Some Dry Suits have relief zipper options for men. Please click through above links to view details.

Different suits have different kinds of zippers, though all styles at this point have zippers running diagonally across the chest and torso of the suit. There are metal zippers as seen in Kokatat's Gore-Tex Front Entry Dry Suit, Gill's Front-Zip Breathable Dry Suit, and Musto's MPX Gore-Tex Dry Suit. Overall, we prefer metal zippers as we feel they get a longer service life than non-metal options. With that said, Henri Lloyd's TP1 Pace Dry Suit has a T-zipper, which is also a good option.

Seals – Latex v. Neoprene
Latex is stretchy and comfortable. Neoprene slightly more rugged – some think it's not as comfortable or flexible, but it's definitely a little more durable. You'll notice in the table above that the suits that have latex seals have reinforcements over top to protect the latex. For example, the Kokatat Dry Suit has a neoprene guard, and the Musto Dry Suit has fabric tabs that secure over the latex.

*Note – you will learn more about caring for a Dry Suit in Video III.

Options include latex socks (booties) or a Gore-Tex Kokatat sock. Both options are completely waterproof. The advantage of the Gore-Tex sock is that it’s breathable, whereas the latex is not. Also, Gore-Tex socks are also easier to slide into a boot you'll want to wear over top your dry suit to protect it.

Part II – How to Put a Dry Suit On & The Proper Fit

First, you need to put on your layers. Wear base and mid layers to keep you as warm as you need to be depending on the conditions. Wear wicking socks to keep moisture away from your feet and/or wool socks to keep your feet warm. Remember not to wear any cotton, which will retain moisture and can leave you damp and cold.

Dry Suits are now front entry. Step into it one foot at a time. To work your way into the rest of it - always start on the side the zipper goes to. (For clarification on this, please be sure to watch the video.) Be sure to pull up on the dry suit to give yourself some extra shoulder room so you can duck down into it.

Slide your hand through the sleeve. In doing this, be careful not to "punch" your hand through the wrist seals – especially the latex seals. You don't want to damage them. Using your opposite hand, open the seal so you have room to slide your other hand through the wrist seal. Put your hand through the seal, and lay the seal flat against your wrist.

Next, pull the suit up again, and put your other arm through being as careful with the wrist seal as you were with your other hand.

Now, it's time for the neck seal. Pull the suit completely up to give yourself some room, duck, gather the neck seal with your hands, open it up, and pull the seal over your head as you extend your neck and stand up.

When you zip up your dry suit – pull the zipper along it’s axis. Trust us, you don’t’ want to break it. It’s a pretty spendy fix. Pull the zip until it’s completely closed.

To deflate the suit to streamline your fit - open the neck seal, crouch to squeeze out all the air, close the seal while you’re still crouching, and stand up. You’ll notice the suit is sucked tight against your body.

If you’re fitting a suit, remember to make sure you leave room for layers. Good tests to be sure you get the perfect fit are to hug your shoulders to feel for freedom of movement across the back of your shoulders - or to drop to one knee and raise your arms straight into the air. If you feel constricted in the area of your underarms, it’s safe to say you should size up.

Here's a little something more about the seals:

The suits have been designed with rings (cut guides) on the wrist and neck seals that let you customize the size of the opening of the seal. They come tight, but you can stretch the latex seals using glass bottles or something similar. Though, we do not always recommend cutting the seal - if you need to, you can. The suits have been designed with rings (cut guides) that let you customize the size of the opening of the seal. If you're going to cut them, be sure to stretch the seal at least overnight (12+ hours) as this will help make sure you don't cut too much. When you finally do pull out the scissors, cut straight across the seal. Do not create any nicks that could later tear. Also, know that neoprene becomes a little more forgiving when it's wet.

Once you have your suit on and zipped, the next step is to put on your boots. Wearing boots rather than just shoes ensures you protect the whole drysuit sock so you don’t damage the suie on something inside the boat. Remember, you will have a thick pair of warm socks (example: Smartwool Socks) under your drysuit and a drysuit bootie over that, which means you might need to get a larger pair of boots meant specifically for wear with your drysuit. Also, if your boots are too tight over top your dry suit, the captive air will not move around your feet, and you'll be very cold. We recommend the Gill One Design boot.

If you have a Kokatat dry suit with Gore-Tex socks, you won't have any trouble as Gore-Tex will slide easily against the neoprene of your boots.

The latex socks found on all the other suits are not durable enough to be doing any walking around. You’ll want to put boots on right away. Once you have the proper size boots, you’ll need to put them on - which is harder than it sounds. The latex drysuit socks is very sticky against the neoprene found inside boots, and you are sure to find it helpful to invest in an inexpensive pair of Gill Drysuit socks. They are super thin but make a world of difference.

One final thing. In general, don't be afraid to size up when it comes to dry suits. The more room you have inside your dry suit, the more air you'll have circulating inside it and the warmer you'll be. Not even Kim Kardashian looks good in a dry suit.

If you have questions about sizing for a Dry Suit, call the APS Customer Service at 800-729-9767.

Hang tight for Video III - How to Care for your Dry Suit so it Lasts.

1 comment:

  1. Thanks, good video. Next video, show more on hand, neck, feets. Wideness of chest, lenght of pants. Regarding telescopic suits. I tryed on my new suit today. Ordered from internet. The inner suit was way to large, but didnt say way to large from size chart. The dry suit. the wrist, after i take on the latex, the arms becomes a little long, how long should they be. Neck was killing, red lobster. But good info there. Feet, how shuold the feet be, For know ill only wear 1 pair of sock, and the dry suit sock integrated onto the suit, maybe in need shoes on that.